RNA was the first genetic molecule.
- Alberts, Bruce et al., 1983, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Garland Publishing Inc., New York.
- Calvin, Melvin, 1969, Chemical Evolution: Molecular Evolution Towards the Origin of Living Systems on Earth and Elsewhere, Oxford University Press, New York.
- Dunn, L.C., 1991, A Short History of Genetics: The Development of Some of the Main Lines of Thought: 1864-1939, Iowa State University Press, Ames.
- Judson, Horace Freeland, 1979, The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology, Simon and Schuster, New York.
- Lagerkvist, Ulf, 1998, DNA Pioneers and Their Legacy, Yale University Press, New Haven.
- Miller, Stanley L., and Orgel, Leslie E., 1974, The Origins of Life on the Earth, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
- Miller, Stanley L., 1974, "The First Laboratory Synthesis of Organic Compounds under Primitive Earth Conditions," published in: The Heritage of Copernicus: Theories "Pleasing to the Mind,", pp. 228-242, ed., J. Neyman, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
- Rosenfield, Israel, Ziff, Edward, and Van Loon, Borin, 1983, DNA for Beginners, Writers and Readers Publishing, Inc.
- Thomas, Shirley, Men of Space: Life in Space. Chilton Books, Philadephia.
- Watson, James D., Gilman, Michael, Witkowski, Jan, Zoller, Mark, 1982, Recombinant DNA, 2nd edition, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.
- Woese, Carl R., 1967, The Genetic Code: The Molecular Basis for Genetic Expression, Harper & Row, New York.